Political Proposal of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)
Adopted by the First Meeting of the Central Committee (September 21-23, 2021)
We have gathered here today for this meeting under a special circumstance. We have formed the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) by rebelling against the individualistic egoism, arbitrary and authoritarian tendencies, extreme factionalism, right-wing opportunism, and liquidationism that have arisen in the CPN (UML). The main rationale behind, therefore, forming a new party is to protect the revolutionary and pro-people stream of the Nepalese communist movement and to advance towards achieving the initial revolutionary goals and objectives of the Communist Party of Nepal. This meeting, with an agenda to formulate an immediate action plan, including the expansion of the organization, and analyse the circumstances that led to the establishment of our party, will determine our future vision. First of all, I would like to extend a warm welcome to all the comrades present at this meeting. At the same time, I would like to pay my heartfelt tribute to all known and unknown martyrs and express my heartfelt respect to all the senior leaders, including the party’s founding general secretary, Comrade Pushpalal, the first elected communist Prime Minister, Comrade Manmohan Adhikari, and the People’s leader, Comrade Madan Bhandari, and therein enter the agenda for this meeting.
The Background and Rationale of Our Revolt
The Communist Party of Nepal was founded to establish a communist society following socialism attained through a complete phase of democratic revolution by ending feudal and imperialist exploitation, oppression, and tyranny prevailing in Nepalese society. The aim was to end class-based, ethnic, gender, social, cultural, and geographical differences in society and to establish a free and equal society with happy and prosperous people. Following these objectives, the party has long been leading people’s struggles, movements, and revolutions of various forms for the guarantee of their nationality, democracy, and livelihood. The party played a leading role in the peaceful People’s revolution of 2006/07 that dethroned the feudal monarchy that had been ruling and exploiting the Nepalese people for a long time, thereby establishing Nepal as a socialism-oriented federal democratic republic with special features such as secularism and inclusiveness of all nationalities.
With more than 70 years of history, the Communist Party of Nepal, while moving towards achieving its goals, has encountered several differences and controversies that rose within it, including incidents marking divisions and rebellion. Leaders including Comrade Pushpalal had revolted against the right-wing opportunism embraced by Keshar Jung Rayamajhi; 1971 saw the historic Jhapa Revolt while the Coordination Center was established in 1975 indicating that in the history of the party, not only incidents of conflict, division, and rebellion, but also acts of unity and unification have taken place. The CPN (ML) was formed in 1978 through the unification of many small communist groups in the process of uniting the divided Nepalese communist movement. Consequently, the CPN (UML) was formed in 1991 as a merger of the CPN (ML) and the CPN (Marxist). Events of division and reunification continued even after the formation of the CPN (UML). Therefore, the history of the Nepalese communist movement has been one of unification, division, rebellion, and reunification. Nevertheless, during many ups and downs, the Nepalese communist movement was and still is widely spread among the working-class Nepalese people. This is demonstrated by the fact that in the 2017 Nepalese general election, the majority of the votes were cast in favour of the communist parties.
The Ninth National General Convention of the CPN (UML) held in July 2014 explained that the revolutionary change in the country marked a capitalist democratic revolution and concluded that Nepalese society had entered the early stages of capitalism. Based on this conclusion, the party determined a working direction to build the foundations of socialism with Nepalese characteristics through economic, social, and cultural transformations of the society. However, KP Oli, who was elected as the party’s chairman at the same convention, did not act by the party’s guidelines, abandoning all revolutionary policies, principles, and ideas. Because of the neglect of rules and regulations, the organizational activities of the party were blocked; many committees were left unformed, and the meetings of the formed committees were not conducted regularly. The party became stagnant and weak. A faction was formed in the party by the chairman himself. Those who disagreed with him were not included in the responsible committee of the party and no responsibility was given to them. The institutional system in the party was crumbling and factional activities were flourishing. In the Communist Party, the leader rose above the party policy, and his individualistic egoism was gaining ground. The cult of personality in the party was growing. The party was being pushed into the mire of right-wing opportunism. We had been continuously waging an inter-party struggle against these misconceived views and behaviours, but KP Oli’s views, behaviours, and working style did not waver at all.
Because of the history of unification, division, rebellion, and reunification of the Nepalese communist movement, the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) was formed on May 17, 2018, by uniting the then CPN (UML) and the CPN (Maoist Center). While uniting the party, certain ideas and procedures for the party were agreed upon. However, KP Oli, one of the two presidents of the said United Party, disregarded them. Not wanting to run the party based on its policies and procedures, he continued forming factions, operating in an arbitrary and individualistic manner, and pushing the party further in the direction of right-wing opportunism. We continued to criticize his wrong views and behaviour. At times when his position faced trouble, he entered into various agreements that he never followed through on. After the party’s standing committee, the politburo, and central committee were in the minority, instead of holding necessary discussions and debates within the party, he continued to engage in non-political and irresponsible activities such as not holding party meetings, dismissing them when the outcomes were not in his favour, or not even attending them altogether.
The two major communist parties of Nepal jointly contested the 2017 general elections, winning popular support and having the opportunity to form a government with a nearly two-thirds majority. Instead of using this opportunity to build the foundation of socialism by making good use of everyone’s thoughts, intellect, experience, and expertise and by conducting a massive development campaign, KP Oli, who was elected prime minister, did not live up to the party’s policy, election manifesto, and public expectations. The policies and programs presented by the government did not include any of the policies and programs put forward by the party. On the contrary, a bill permitting foreign investment in agriculture was introduced to discourage national capital investment and encourage foreign comprador capital. Also, the controversial Guthi Bill was brought against the cultural values of the people. Despite our repeated requests to run the government according to the party’s policy and people’s expectations, undemocratic, irresponsible, and totalitarian thinking continued unabated. Based on the report of the task force formed to suggest solutions to the problems that have arisen within the then CPN (Maoist), the then Standing Committee on September 11, 2020, stated that the KP Oli-led government would run full-term, reorganize the Council of Ministers, and would abide by the decision and the direction of the party when formulating the budget and making important political decisions and appointments. It was also decided to let KP Oli remain the party president until the next general convention. The decisions were followed, and anti-national and non-democratic activities were carried out, exemplified by the secret talks with the heads of the foreign intelligence agencies at midnight. The constitution was violated and the House of Representatives was dissolved unconstitutionally on December 20, 2020. This unconstitutional act was condemned by the overwhelming majority (about 70 percent) of the Central Committee of the then Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) as a reactionary step, and a political and legal struggle was waged against it. To save the country from the wrongdoings of KP Oli, who took regressive, unconstitutional steps with the nefarious intention of ending the federal democratic republic established by the people and pushing the Nepalese communist movement towards dissolution, the ordinary Nepalese public, various pro-democracy political parties, civil society, journalists, intellectuals, and professionals took to the streets. Consequently, the KP Oli-led government cracked down on the people’s movement. Politically isolated, KP Oli resorted to regressive elements and even turned to Hindu nationalism (Hindutwa). But the people’s movement for the defense of democracy only became stronger. On February 23, 2021, the Supreme Court, in a landmark decision to restore the dissolved House of Representatives by the provisions of the constitution, defended the constitution and respected the will of the people.
KP Oli, who was shocked by the decision of the Supreme Court, started conspiring again. Meanwhile, on March 7, 2021, the Supreme Court ruled that the party unity between the CPN (UML) and the CPN (Maoist Center) should be revoked and decided to return the parties to the status quo, i.e., how they were on May 16, 2018, an issue which was not even raised by the plaintiff. Even after the verdict, the party could have taken the initiative to maintain unity, as the Supreme Court had also offered to accept a reunion if a new party name was presented to the Election Commission within 15 days. But as KP Oli wanted division, not unity, to maintain his single dominance in the party, he did not take any initiative to preserve the party unity and led the party towards division.
The verdict of March 7, 2021, ruled that the CPN (UML) should operate in the status dating May 16, 2018. We maintained that the party should be run in line with the verdict to maintain unity. However, KP Oli’s right-wing and liquidationist thinking and his desire to maintain his monopoly in the party led to the disintegration of the CPN (UML). He held a meeting with his faction, calling it the “Special Meeting of the Central Committee on March 12, 2021,” contrary to the party constitution, rules, and regulations, without informing all the members of the said Central Committee, reversed the decisions of the Ninth General Convention of the CPN (UML), and unilaterally amended the party constitution adopted by it. He pushed the CPN (UML) in the direction of division by making decisions such as dismissing the posts of office bearers elected by the General Convention, appointing non-party members to the Central Committee, and forming a Central Committee of his personal choice. The split of the CPN (UML) started with this very decision of the KP Oli faction. Since all the decisions made by KP Oli in such a factional, authoritarian, arbitrary, and individualistic manner, were against the party policies, we tried our best to correct him and bring the party back to its state of May 16, 2018. But KP Oli showed so much pride and arrogance that he was not ready to correct anything and held his divisive stance. A serious crisis arose in the party. After such a crisis arose, we felt compelled to revolt against KP Oli’s factionalism, authoritarianism, individualistic egoism, and right-wing opportunism. We considered it our duty and responsibility to reorganize the party and move the movement forward to prevent it from dissolving. In such a dire situation, on March 17-18, 2021, we gathered the national cadres and, after an in-depth discussion, launched a nationwide parallel organization-building campaign with the call to “save the unity of the CPN-UML and protect the communist movement.” We exposed KP Oli’s erroneous and inconsistent right-wing opportunistic views and anti-democratic and regressive behaviour. We launched a two-month campaign to build a parallel organizational structure within our ideological group. During that time, we formed provincial committees in all the provinces, 71 district committees, and four special district committees. In addition, we formed central committees for women, workers, youth, students, sports, oppressed ethnicities, and other people’s mass organizations. The total of all these actions was a kind of rebellion and a severe challenge to the KP Oli faction.
We have not only campaigned for the reorganization of the party and the people’s mass organizations but also, after rigorous discussions in the numerous meetings of the central committee and the standing committee held after the National Cadres’ Conference of March 17-18, 2021, came to the conclusion that the notorious, corrupt, and arbitrary KP Oli-led government must be removed, and that KP Oli should be removed from the post of Prime Minister. Accordingly, discussions and agreements were reached with other parties, and when KP Oli asked for a vote of confidence, we were absent from the voting process. That was another major event of the uprising. After KP Oli dissolved the House of Representatives for the second time on May 21, 2021, we filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court against that regressive move and even witnessed ourselves in court. The writ also sought an order to re-establish the House of Representatives and appoint the Hon’ble Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister. As demanded in the writ petition, the Supreme Court, while defending the constitution, issued a verdict to re-establish the House of Representatives and appoint Sher Bahadur Deuba as the Prime Minister by constitution. Since we have done all of the above to protect the Constitution and democracy by saving the House of Representatives, we should have given a vote of confidence to Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba to save the House of Representatives, and we did. It was a legitimate revolt to defend democracy and safeguard the constitution. This revolt was necessary and justified to maintain political stability in the country.
We had concluded from the National Cadres’ Conference on March 17-18, 2021, that we would emphasize respectful unity in the party or else revolt and reorganize the party. Unity is not something that can be achieved by one side alone; it can only happen if both sides want it. We continued to push for unity, but the Oli faction continued to pursue divisive activities. It not only carried out divisive activities in organizational terms but also pushed the party towards disintegration by rejecting the constitution, principles, and ideas embraced by the party and the line of action set by the Ninth National General Convention. Meanwhile, KP Oli pretended that he was in favour of unity and assigned people to negotiate. In the talks, the so-called ten-point agreement was reached by chicanery and not through genuine and sincere effort. The main objective of the KP Oli faction to reach a ten-point agreement on the night of July 11, 2021, was to influence the issue of dissolution of the House of Representatives pending in the court scheduled for July 12. The talks were just a drama, a ploy to confuse and deceive the unity process. The so-called ten-point agreement is the result of a serious conspiracy by the KP Oli faction, leaving aside the basic issues we have raised, our ideological aspect, criticisms, and even the consensus reached with KP Oli on matters regarding the decision-making process and organizational structure of the party.
The agreement does not even say that the conclusion can be reached only by reaching an agreement between the two major leaders. The ten points of the alleged agreement are of a purely technical nature. Thus, without entering into ideological and political issues, the party could not be united by agreeing only on technical points, and unity would not be sustainable. The party could not be unified until KP Oli apologized to the people, realizing that the dissolution of the elected House of Representatives was wrong. It would be wrong to forget the issues we had raised and unite only on technical and managerial issues. So, we were forced to conclude that there could not be unity based on such a technical nature and to stand up and revolt against it.
We made continuous efforts to preserve the party’s unity, but the KP Oli faction did not want to unite under any circumstances. Hence, we were compelled to form the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) through the reform and transformation of the CPN (UML) to protect the Nepalese communist movement. This is a principled, justifiable, and essential revolt for the defense of the Nepalese communist movement. The party and the movement had been saved by revolts like this many times in the past as well. For instance, while Keshar Jung Rayamajhi was leading the party in the direction of right-wing opportunism, comrade Pushpalal and other leaders revolted and defended the party’s reorganization movement. Leaders, including Mohan Bikram Singh, had revolted and launched a reorganization campaign. At a time when the communist movement was weakening, the Nepalese communist movement was protected and developed by conducting party reorganization campaigns even after the Jhapa struggle, Muktimorcha revolt, and Barre struggle. Today, KP Oli has again pushed the Nepalese Communist Movement towards the quagmire and dissolution of right-wing opportunism.
A revolutionary communist party must embrace the Marxist-Leninist, that is, the dialectical materialist worldview. It should always be active in favour of radical change in society. It should be constantly working on behalf of the general working class of the society and should act by the mandate by internalizing that the sovereignty of the country lies with the people. A communist party must always strive to put into practice the principles it has embraced. Marxism-Leninism must be applied constructively based on the ground realities of the country and the level of social development. These are the main qualities that should be present in a revolutionary communist party. Hence, the KP Oli faction cannot be considered communist. That faction has abandoned the notion of accepting and embracing the diversity of ideas through democratic centralism and people’s multi-party democracy, respect for rules and operational procedures in statecraft, and people-cantered character and culture. Therefore, the Oli faction is not in favour of the multi-party democracy of the people but is a bunch of right-wing opportunists focused on personal interests. With this conclusion, we have revolted to work for the radical change of the Nepalese society by reorganizing the revolutionary ranks within the CPN (UML) in a new way and protecting and developing the Nepalese communist movement. This revolt was a justified historical necessity. This will go a long way in protecting and developing the Nepalese communist movement, creating new hope, faith, and energy in the general Nepalese towards the Communist Party and the movement, and radically changing the Nepalese society.
The Present National Political Situation
We are experiencing a fluid national political situation. The first federal election conducted after the effect of the constitution took 10 years in the making and was prepared by the Constituent Assembly comprised of elected representatives, which resulted in the coalition of two big communist parties almost two-thirds majority in the House of Representatives in the Federal Assembly, also positioned them at a comfortable two-thirds majority in some provincial assemblies and helped the coalition lead the government in 6 out of 7 provinces. The immense success achieved by any Communist Party through elections was a historic achievement within the World Communist Movement itself. In Nepal, there had been high public hopes for political stability, good governance, and the development of a country that would excel in its development. The potential progress that this two-third majority could make, however, never came to reality because of the right-wing inclined, power-hungry, anti-democratic, arbitrary, and authoritarian characteristics of KP Oli, who was made the Prime Minister of the country based on public sentiments and the consensus of the coalition. KP Oli not only failed to keep the coalition intact but also helped introduce instability in the political arena. People’s hopes were shattered. KP Oli brokered the unification process of the CPN and also of the CPN (UML), consequently leading to the loss of the majority in the parliament. His ill intention to remain in the government even after losing the majority in parliament, and his wrongful regressing action of the unsuccessful dissolution of parliament against the constitutional boundaries, even led the country’s politics towards a confrontational state. Even though, with the help of public struggles and legal battles, the House of Representatives may have been saved back then, the stability of politics today remains fragile. A type of uncertainty and confusion remains.
At present, the politics of the country is divided into two streams. One of them, the undemocratic, intolerant, authoritarian, right-wing opportunist faction, allied with the pro-foreign and pro-monarchy forces, is led by the KP Oli faction. Another is the left-wing democratic union, represented by the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist), the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center), the Nepali Congress, the Janata Samajwadi Dal, and the Rashtriya Janamorcha. Although the bases and characters of the classes of the political parties involved in the left-wing democratic union are different, they have been cooperating in a united manner by agreeing to protect democracy and maintain political stability in the country. This alliance and cooperation needs to be maintained at least for the full term of the House of Representatives and for the upcoming elections and needs to be extended to the local level. From here, we will be involved in the federal and state governments and will be trying to serve the people. Our government stands firmly for nationalism, democracy, livelihood, social justice, equality, and socialism. We will be strongly opposed to irregularities, delays, corruption, and opacity and will continue to be committed to regularity, good governance, peacekeeping, agility, speed, transparency, etc., with full sincerity.
The Formation and Current Status of Our Party
By revolting against the factionalism, arbitrary and authoritarian tendencies, personal arrogance, and right-wing opportunism brought up by KP Oli in the CPN (UML), we formed the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) on August 18, 2021, and received the registration certificate from the Election Commission on August 25, 2021. The historic uprising has been successful, and the CPN (Unified Socialist) has been duly registered, defeating many plots, conspiracy attacks, and kidnapping attempts by the KP Oli faction. Furthermore, we formed our Federal Parliamentary Party after the Election Commission issued the party registration certificate and sent a letter to the Secretariat of the Federal Parliament. Our party has become the fourth largest party in the federal parliament, with 24 members in the House of Representatives and 8 members in the National Assembly. Comrade Madhav Kumar Nepal has been selected as the leader of our parliamentary party and Standing Committee member Comrade Beduram Bhusal has been selected as the party leader of the National Assembly.
After the registration of our party, the Election Commission provided a time frame of August 31 to September 7, 2021, for the members of the Provincial Assembly elected from the former CPN (UML) and the local level representatives to identify themselves with a party. Members of the Provincial Assembly were required to be present at the Election Commission office in the provincial capital and local level people’s representatives at the Election Commission office at the district headquarters with a certificate of citizenship and a certificate of election to a local level. During the stipulated time, 14 Provincial Assembly members from Sudurpaschim Province, 13 from Bagmati Province, 13 from Province 2, 10 from Province 1, 3 from Karnali Province, and 1 from Lumbini Province have joined the CPN (Unified Socialist) Party by appearing in the concerned Provincial Election Office.
Four members of Karnali Province who were victimized by the unjust action of KP Oli had also applied to the State Election Commission for witness. The Election Commission sent a letter to the concerned Provincial Assembly Secretariat informing that the previously mentioned members of the Provincial Assembly have joined the CPN (Unified Socialist Party). Thus, our party established its provincial assembly parties in 6 out of 7 provinces. Our party has become the largest party in the Sudurpaschim Province and the fourth largest party overall in Province 2; it is a bigger party than the KP Oli faction. Similarly, our party has become the fourth largest party in Bagmati Province, Karnali Province, and Province One and the fifth party in Lumbini Province. Due to KP Oli’s one-sided distribution of tickets in the last election, we could not be present in Gandaki. A significant number of local level representatives have also joined our party by appearing before the concerned District Election Commission and acting as witnesses themselves. Many of them have expressed their commitment to join the party without presenting witnesses to the Election Commission as they have only a short term left, and have even started taking on various responsibilities.
According to the organizational structure of the party, a central committee, seven provincial committees, a special provincial committee, and a coordination committee have been formed. Apart from the Sunsari, Manang, Mustang, and Darchula districts, a total of 74 district committees have been formed on a geographical basis and four on a non-geographical basis. Work is underway to form a committee at the local level. In addition to their provincial and local committees, central committees of women, workers, youth, students, sports, and oppressed ethnic organizations affiliated with the party have been formed. A new organization called the Socialist Press Organization Nepal has also been formed. In this way, our party is being established nationwide. Our party-affiliated People’s organization is also being formed abroad in the diaspora community.
The Major Ideological Concepts of the Party
The Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) is a political party that represents the interests of the Nepalese proletariat. It is the present form of the Communist Party of Nepal, which was established on April 22, 1949 (Baisakh 10, 2006 B.S.), and has been fighting for nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people. The general goals and objectives of this party are the aims of the Communist Party of Nepal that have been expressed since its inception to establish scientific socialism via a democratic phase through the termination of bureaucratic capitalist and imperialist exploitation, repression, and oppression based on class, caste, gender, language, and culture in Nepali society; a democratic phase by ending feudalism; and a free society with happy and prosperous people. Only a few of these goals have been achieved, and much remains to be done. The CPN (Unified Socialist) is committed to the struggle to achieve all these goals.
The immediate goal of this party is to build on the foundation of socialism with social justice and democratic values by defending the achievements of the revolution and developing national capital alongside the economic and socio-cultural transformation of the country by peaceful and democratic means. This party is against all forms of reactionionism, opportunism, and narrow-mindedness and is in favour of social harmony and national unity. It will be the duty of this party to fight for the end of all forms of exploitation, oppression, injustice, tyranny, inequality, and discrimination, and to selflessly devote itself to the service of the nation, the people, and the revolution by maintaining close relations with the country.
The guiding principle of CPN (Unified Socialist) is Marxism-Leninism. Marxism-Leninism is the scientific worldview of the revolutionary character and the guiding principle of working-class emancipation and social change. Its fundamental theoretical propositions, such as the dialectical materialist worldview, the transformational approach, the working-class approach, the approach to people’s sovereignty, and the approach to uniformity between theory and practice, are just as relevant today. However, Marxism is a dynamic scientific theory, not a mechanical orthodoxy. So, it is and should be used creatively. Comrade Pushpalal, the pioneer of the attempt to use Marxism in Nepal, proposed the idea of creative use of Marxism and the people’s leader, Comrade Madan Bhandari explained it in detail in his theory of People’s Multi-party Democracy. We are fully committed to the idea of the constructive use of Marxism presented by our leaders. Success in today’s situation is possible only if the ideas of Marxism are revolutionarily adopted in line with the specific conditions of the country, not by imitating the old models of Marxism.
CPN (Unified Socialist) is a people-oriented cadres’ party. Its organizational theory, i.e., the principle of party formation and operation, is the Leninist theory of democratic centralism. The party will have a balance of democracy and centralism, i.e., internal democracy and discipline. This party will be policy-oriented, not leader-oriented. The party will function based on collective leadership and individual responsibility. Individuals will be subject to the committee, and the minority will be subject to the majority. The majority will respect the minority, and the lower committees will be subordinate to the upper committees. All party committees and mass organizations will be organized and mobilized according to these organizational principles and procedures. Sovereign rights of the party shall be vested in the organized members of the party and shall be exercised by the constitution of the party. All party committees will be inclusive. Youth will be given their due place in all party committees. All members of this party will play a leading role in the field of ideas, organization, struggle, and creativity by participating in the production struggles, class struggles, and scientific experimentations for socio-economic and cultural change. They will remain dedicated to the unity and progress of the party by being active in public affairs and productive work. All the members of the party will be people-oriented, well-organized, united, disciplined, dynamic, and vigorous to carry forward the communist movement of the country with democratic and revolutionary essence and to achieve the specified goals and objectives of the Nepalese revolution.
The strategic goal of this party is scientific socialism with democratic values. This party believes in achieving excellence through peaceful competition. The party is committed to the universal values of modern democracy, such as the supremacy of the constitution, the rule of law, a guarantee of human rights and fundamental rights, the principle of separation of powers, a pluralistic open society, multi-party competition, periodic elections, and the inclusive participation of elected representatives of the people, and it desires to move forward in the direction of socialism by protecting and further developing the values of multi-party democracy.
The party will pursue an independent foreign policy based on the United Nations Charter, principles of Panchsheel, and non-alignment, and will remain firmly committed to the protection and promotion of national interests. The party believes in maintaining good relations with all countries of the world, including the international community and its neighbors, based on mutual equality, respect, and mutual benefit. The party aims to build a prosperous society with an advanced civilization based on national interest, national security, national unity, and patriotism, leading to political stability, lasting peace, good governance, and prosperity. All the activities of this party will be focused on the best interests of Nepal and the Nepalese people.
Today, the country needs a party to campaign for the progress of society. Society needs a party that takes it in the socialist direction, not imprisons it in the capitalist circle. What is needed is an ideological party, not an individualist one. We need a party to fight against irrational anomalies like corruption, misgovernance, the commission system, nepotism, and consumerism. We need a party to campaign to end all kinds of discrimination, malpractices, and superstitions in society. The Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) will be the party that will meet these needs. This will be a party that has embraced socialist action. There will be a party that will run in an institutionalized manner based on clear policy, procedures, and systems. It will be a policy-oriented party and not a leader-oriented party; it will be an ideological party, not an individualist one. It will wage a struggle against corruption, misgovernance, the commission system, nepotism, and consumerism. All sections of the society will campaign to end discrimination on all bases including class, caste, gender, linguistics, religion, and culture. It will conduct political awareness campaigns and public awareness campaigns. Youth will be mobilized in all these activities, and their leadership will be developed through such initiatives. This party will not only be a party based on winning elections, but a party based on winning the hearts of the people with a people-cantered policy.
A system of well-managed guardianship and performance will be created to implement the slogan of “Respect for the Elders, Executive Responsibility for Youth” by setting up a “Senior Communist Forum” at local levels to promote youth in the organization. A significant number of youths will be appointed to each committee of the party. A scientific method of delegating responsibility, evaluating work, and promotion at every level will be developed and followed.
Concerning the provision of state responsibilities, candidates shall be proposed based on clear criteria for the party’s candidate at each level of elections. The Party Committee will evaluate the work progress and effectiveness of each elected official by formulating systematic parameters internally. This assessment will be made public up to a certain level.
Political and other appointments will be made based on merit by adopting certain well-managed transparent criteria and systems. The progress and effectiveness of work will be assessed by creating internally systematic criteria for individuals appointed thereto. This assessment will also be made public to some extent.
The party will be associated with production. A policy would be adopted to compulsorily involve all the members of the party in production except for a certain number of full-time leaders and cadres. A system of planning will be established for each committee for financial mobilization and management. The budget, along with the annual plan, should be prepared and passed at the meeting of the committee. Arrangements will be made to prepare a budget for special programs and campaigns and to spend it and get approval from the committee.
A system will be set up for each committee to run party schools and training campaigns. Each committee should organize party school/training at least twice a year. Apart from theoretical and ideological issues, the party school/training will also cover issues of entrepreneurship development, productivity enhancement, job creation, and development of the national capital; corruption prevention, good governance, and other issues of public interest.
To make each committee accountable to the public, the party will prepare a local-level public facilitator and will provide necessary training. He/she will be mobilized in the service of the people through toll-free numbers.
Our Major Line of Action and Responsibility
The line of action of revolution is determined based on the immediate character of society. The basic character of Nepali society has changed with the establishment of the federal democratic republic with proportional inclusion and secularism that marked the end of the feudal monarchy, weakened by seven decades of people’s struggle, by the peaceful people’s revolution of 2006. The analysis made by the Ninth National General Convention of the then CPN (UML) on the change in the character of Nepali society after the peaceful mass revolution of 2006 and on the basic course of the revolution is fundamentally correct. We will move forward based on the same analysis, in the direction of the socialist revolution and on the journey of socialism.
The present Nepalese society is fundamentally capitalist, with a few remnants of feudalism remaining. Capitalism is the root cause of the present exploitation in Nepalese society, and capitalism has a comprador bureaucratic character. At this time, the struggle between the pro-social forces and the opposing forces has become the major struggle of Nepalese society. Our main action at the moment to resolve this great contradiction is to move towards socialism by focusing on the forces opposing the socialist revolution. Now, our destination is scientific socialism, a socialism of democratic values and inclusive character.
The immediate major responsibility of the party is to campaign for the creation of a prosperous Nepal based on an independent national economy by fighting against the oppression and tyranny of imperialist capitalist exploitation and interference and to campaign for socio-cultural change for the eradication of all remnants of feudalism, including economic exploitation, social evils, superstition, and conservatism. The party aims to achieve the socialism-oriented system enshrined in the Constitution of Nepal through socio-economic and cultural transformation by strengthening nationalism, democracy, and social justice while protecting and developing the achievements of all people’s struggles, movements, and revolutions to date. It will move in that direction and establish scientific socialism with the determination to achieve this great goal.
Our immediate responsibilities
Every revolutionary movement has immediate responsibilities that correspond to its basic line of immediate action. The immediate responsibilities are mainly ideological, political, and organizational. These ideological, political, and organizational actions of ours will be explained in detail in the documents to be presented at the national convention of the party shortly. For the time being, they will take on the following types:
One of our important responsibilities today is to protect the Nepalese communist movement. The communist movement cannot be defended without defeating the misconceptions and distortions prevalent today. This is achieved only through ideological struggle, i.e., study, debate, discussion, etc. Therefore, our ideological responsibility at this time is to conduct extensive political and theoretical studies and training. For this purpose, various types of study materials will be prepared along with party documents; party schools will be run regularly, the policy documents put forward by the party will be subject to discussion and scrutiny; various interactive programs will be organized; and feedback will be given due importance. Another important ideological task would be to clear up the confusion spread by the KP Oli faction and expose its anti-national, anti-people, and anti-democratic activities, corruption, and regression. Social awareness campaigns will be conducted to eradicate superstitions and bad customs prevalent in society. The party will take the lead in raising public awareness against crimes such as caste discrimination, untouchability, and violence against women. Campaigns will also be launched against superstitions, bad customs, and perverse anomalies through the medium of literature like informative drama, songs, and poetry.
Our main political responsibility at this time is to protect and advance the democracy established by the struggle of the Nepalese people and to move towards socialism. For this purpose, the constitution made by the Nepali people through their representatives should be protected and implemented fully. We will continue to strive for this with the utmost sincerity. Corruption, nepotism, compradors, buying and selling of political posts, etc., so prevalent in politics today, have spread disenchantment and repulsion in society with regards to politics in general. It is necessary to run a political awareness campaign against corruption, misgovernance, bribery, commission system, nepotism, etc. to correct the course of politics by removing this repulsion. Political awareness and correction campaigns will be launched by involving the aware youth of the country. A political corrective drive will be conducted to develop youth leadership by giving responsibility to the youth at various levels of the party and through the active participation of youth in politics. That campaign will also contribute to cleaning up the country’s tarnished political climate and cleaning up our possible misconduct. There exists a feeling that the situation has not changed even when the system has changed because the socio-economic sector has not changed in line with the change in the political sphere. To address this, it is necessary to launch a campaign for socio-economic change. We should and will lead that campaign. A large number of skilled youths in the country are forced to go abroad due to the lack of employment opportunities in the country. It is necessary to create an environment for the youth to participate in the development campaign in the country. That need can be met only by creating more employment opportunities, for which it is imperative to run big projects. A campaign will be launched for the establishment of industries based on indigenous raw materials and for the modernization, commercialization, and marketing of agriculture. The sale of agricultural products will be guaranteed and necessary planning will be done for this end. A comprehensive cooperative campaign will be launched. Various programs will be organized for self-employment promotion. The knowledge, skills, experience, and capital of the Nepalese diaspora will be mobilized for the national development campaign. The party will politically lead such campaigns by involving the concerned people. A public awareness campaign will be launched against climate change, biological imbalance, and environmental pollution. Along with this, a campaign will be launched to provide relief to the people impacted by disasters, emphasizing disaster risk reduction.
Our present organizational task is to reorganize and transform the Communist Party. That work will be taken forward shortly by holding a national convention. The formation and reorganization of current party committees will be conducted as a campaign for some time, and a party membership distribution campaign will be started. After the formation of the committees, the reorganization, and distribution of the party members are fundamentally completed, we will proceed by holding conventions of the local party committees. The work of forming people’s organizations, professional organizations, community organizations, and expatriate organizations associated with the party will also be expedited. All the strength of the party will be put into the organizational expansion campaign. Individualism is a seriously negative trend in parties today. Parties have become like private companies of individuals, operating arbitrarily based on the personal wishes of their leaders. This situation must end. For this, the working procedures of the party should be established in an institutionalized manner based on the policy, procedures, and accepted processes. We will establish these procedures and bring about a behaviour change. Since the financial aspect also plays an important role in the formation and operation of the party, a fund-raising campaign will be launched to form the party’s financial corpus. The main basis of our party’s operation will be the levies and membership fees received from the cadres and the voluntary support received from supporters, volunteers, and the general public, and will be supplemented through special fundraising organized at the grassroots level. The party levy and membership fee will be regularized. Lack of financial cleanliness and transparency is another weakness of parties. We will conduct financial activities cleanly and transparently, following financial discipline so that this weak side cannot be allowed to remain. We will conduct every event and activity of the party economically. Every leader and cadre of the party will be required to lead a simple life based on simple living and high thinking.
In the end,
We are in a very sensitive situation today. The Nepalese communist movement is now plagued by individualistic arrogance, arbitrary and authoritarian tendencies, extreme factionalism, right-wing opportunism, and liquidationism. The danger of losing the achievements of the revolution is also looming over the Nepalese political landscape. It is our responsibility to carry forward the achievements of the Communist Movement of Nepal and the Nepalese revolution by reorganizing and innovatively transforming the Communist Party of Nepal. We will be able to fulfil this obligation only through a vigorous ideological struggle against individualistic arrogance, arbitrary and authoritarian tendencies, extreme factionalism, right-wing opportunism, and liquidationism. Many times in the past, similar difficult situations have arisen in our movement, and our elders fought hard to protect the movement and revolution. Let us also move forward, hand in hand and shoulder to shoulder, with the resolve to carry out this deep responsibility.
Success is certain!